Brain Health

  • Brain Injuries in Canada

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents one of the most significant public health concerns in Canada. By 2031, TBI is expected to be among the most prevalent neurological conditions affecting Canadians, alongside Alzheimer’s disease, other dementias, and epilepsy. The impact of TBI on individuals and society is profound, given its role as a leading cause of disability both globally and domestically. In Canada, approximately 2% of the population lives with a TBI, leading to about 18,000 hospitalizations annually. One-third of these individuals are women, with a notable prevalence of TBI during the early reproductive years (15-24 years), primarily due to intimate partner violence and accidents. Women with TBI are also more…

  • Early Psychosis and Schizophrenia Awareness

    Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition marked by disruptions in thought processes, perceptions, emotional responsiveness, and social interactions. One of the key phases in the onset of schizophrenia is the early psychosis stage, a critical period during which initial symptoms of the condition start to appear. Understanding both early psychosis and schizophrenia can shed light on the complex nature of these disorders and highlight the importance of early intervention. What is Early Psychosis? Early psychosis, also known as the prodromal phase, refers to the initial phase of illness before the disease fully manifests. This phase usually occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, a developmental period when individuals are…

  • Living with MS in Canada

    Canada is recognized as having one of the highest rates of multiple sclerosis (MS) globally, with an estimated 90,000 Canadians currently living with this debilitating disease. The gravity of the situation becomes apparent when considering that, on average, 12 Canadians are diagnosed with MS every single day. This chronic illness predominantly affects individuals between the ages of 20 and 49, marking the beginning of a lifelong struggle against its unpredictable and often progressive nature. Multiple sclerosis is a complex neurological disorder that targets the central nervous system, encompassing the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. Classified as an episodic disability, MS is characterized by its varying severity and duration of…

  • Brain Tumour Awareness Month

    In Canada, the month of May is recognized as Brain Tumour Awareness Month, a significant period dedicated to enhancing public understanding of brain tumours, advancing research, and providing support to those affected by this challenging condition. There is a concerted effort, encapsulated in the campaign #TurnMayGrey, aimed at raising awareness for brain tumours. This initiative seeks to unite Canadians, encouraging them to collectively raise their voices and foster positive changes that could lead to more effective treatments and, ultimately, a cure. For those diagnosed with a brain tumour, the experience can be profoundly different from one person to the next. The symptoms that may present can vary greatly and influence…

  • Food’s Impact on the Brain

    In order to stay as healthy as we can, we need to ensure that we’re always making healthy choices and be conscious of how we treat our bodies from both a mental and physical standpoint. This can mean doing things like getting regular exercise, getting adequate amounts of sleep each night, avoiding bad habits (such as smoking tobacco or drinking alcohol in excess), as well as having a diet that is rich in essential nutrients – including vitamins and minerals, proteins, healthy carbohydrates and fats, and water. Eating well is fundamental for our overall health and wellbeing, as the healthier foods we eat, the less likely we are to develop…

  • Functional Neurological Disorder

    Understanding Functional Neurological Disorder (FND) necessitates a journey into the complexities of how our bodies and brains communicate. This condition, intricate in its nature, affects the nervous system’s functionality, specifically in how the brain and body send and receive signals. In essence, something goes awry in this communication network, leading to a plethora of symptoms that defy easy categorization under known diseases. FND is multifactorial, meaning it can be sparked by a variety of risk factors, both physical and psychological. These contributing elements can intertwine in a manner that makes it challenging to pinpoint a single cause. The resulting symptoms are undeniably real and can significantly impact an individual’s quality…

  • Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)

    When a baby’s brain doesn’t get enough oxygen, it can lead to a serious condition known as Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE). This can happen for a few reasons, such as if there’s not enough oxygen in the baby’s blood, or if the blood isn’t flowing properly to the brain. HIE falls under the larger category of neonatal encephalopathy, which is a fancy term for various conditions that affect newborn babies’ brains. There are other causes too, such as genetic issues, metabolic problems, strokes in newborns, or infections in the mother or baby around the time of birth. These issues can arise before the baby is born, during birth, right after…

  • Nurturing Brain Health through Nutrition

    As we navigate the intricacies of our daily lives, the importance of mental well-being and cognitive health cannot be overstated. Our brain, a marvel of the human body, orchestrates our thoughts, emotions, and actions with astounding precision. Yet, it is often in the subtle interplay between our dietary choices and brain health that we find the keys to enhancing our mental acuity and emotional balance. As a physician deeply invested in the holistic well-being of my patients, I aim to illuminate the profound impact of good nutrition on brain health and, consequently, on fostering a healthy mind. The brain, an organ that consumes an immense amount of energy, relies on…

  • Advancing Brain Health in Canada

    In the vast and intricate domain of medical science, the significance of brain research cannot be overstated, particularly when considering its profound implications on health outcomes not just in Canada, but globally. At the forefront of this endeavour stands Brain Canada, an organization that has carved out a distinctive and crucial role as a national convener, bridging gaps between various stakeholders invested in the advancement and support of brain research. This coalition of researchers, clinicians, patients, and policymakers, facilitated by Brain Canada, serves as a testament to the collective effort aimed at unraveling the complexities of the human brain. Understanding the brain’s mechanisms is not merely an academic pursuit; it’s…

  • Brain Health and Stroke Prevention

    When we think of personal health and wellness, the emphasis often tends to gravitate towards physical fitness and dietary habits, overshadowing the equally crucial aspect of brain health. This can lead to a lack of awareness and understanding regarding the prevention of neurological conditions, notably strokes, which are amongst the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide. In this article, we delve into the intricate relationship between lifestyle choices and brain health, with a particular focus on stroke prevention, offering insights grounded in the latest research and recommendations from health professionals. Through a nuanced exploration of this topic, we aim to equip readers with the knowledge necessary to nurture their…